Skin spots or dark spots are a very common problem, especially in women. It involves the darkening of the skin caused by an overproduction of pigment or melanin that unevenly accumulates in the skin. This overproduction is caused by an alteration of certain cellular mechanisms that lead to an excess of pigment.
There are different types of spots based on their origin and their distribution on the skin. It can appear due to several triggering factors, the most important being the result of solar radiation without protection. Other factors are also involved, such as a genetic predisposition, inflammatory conditions, hormonal changes and some photosensitising drugs (oral contraceptives, anti-inflammatory drugs, antibiotics, etc.).
It is a complex problem, and in many cases they are resistant to many medical-aesthetic treatments. In order to achieve an effective and long-lasting outcome and prevent a rebound, we must not only work on eliminating the accumulated pigment that causes the visible darkening, but also on treating the pathology's cellular origin, with the aim of stopping the overproduction of melanin and thus preventing the spots from reappearing.